The Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission voted 7 to 2 last week to implement the next phase of the state’s reform policy on Columbia River salmon management, including updates to provisions for fall Chinook salmon.
The updated policy is the next phase of a joint strategy by Washington and Oregon to restructure recreational and commercial salmon fisheries on the Columbia River below Bonneville Dam.
Adopted by both the Washington and Oregon commissions in 2013, the policy was designed to promote conservation of salmon and steelhead, prioritize recreational salmon fishing in the Lower Columbia River, and remove gillnet fisheries from the river’s mainstem by Dec. 31, 2016. The policy also calls for increasing hatchery releases in these areas, while expanding commercial fishing opportunities through the use of alternative fishing gear.
The policy included a four-year transition period, with full implementation scheduled for Jan. 1, 2017, but also allowed for modifications to the plan.
The commission, a citizen panel appointed by the governor to set policy for the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, voted to implement most of the key provisions of the current policy but modified the allocation of fall Chinook salmon between the recreational and commercial fisheries.
The modification increases the recreational fishery’s share of fall Chinook from 70 to 75 percent for the next two years, before increasing to 80 percent in 2019. Originally, the policy called for the allocation to increase to 80 percent in 2017. The updated policy also would explicitly allow a mainstem commercial gillnet fishery for upriver bright fall Chinook upstream from the confluence of the Lewis River in 2017 and 2018, but requires improved fisheries monitoring.
“While we have made a couple changes to the policy for the next two years, we are committed to full implementation, meeting conservation goals and transitioning gillnets into off-channels areas,” said Larry Carpenter, vice-chair of the commission.
The commission approved fully implementing the current policy’s planned allocation shift for spring Chinook, increasing the recreational fishery’s share of the stock from 70 to 80 percent beginning this year. The allocation of summer Chinook for the recreational fishery also will increase from 70 to 80 percent this year.
In addition, the commission directed staff to move forward with developing and implementing the use of alternative commercial fishing gear by 2019, and aggressively pursue a buyback program for commercial gillnet licenses.
The updated policy is available at http://wdfw.wa.gov/.
Meanwhile, the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission will meet Friday, Jan. 20, to consider similar changes to the Columbia River Fishery Reform program.
The Oregon Commission is expected to consider rulemaking for long-term implementation of the non-tribal Columbia River fisheries reform policy.
At its December meeting, the commission voted to extend the transition period of the reform policy through 2017, as a hedge against further restrictions on the commercial fishery should the issue not be resolved at its January meeting.
At Friday’s meeting, the commission will consider a long-term staff proposal that would prioritize the conservation benefits of fisheries reform as well as rebalance current harvest and impact allocations.
The proposal is based on balancing key provisions of fisheries reform and has been informed by the four-year transition period and consultations with the state of Washington, which has concurrent jurisdiction over Columbia River fisheries.