The Brix familys legacy in the Columbia River region is all about building new lives and communities almost from scratch and on an awesome scale. Immigrant success stories dont come any better.
Last Friday, Peter J. Brix was at the Columbia River Maritime Museum greeting old friends and signing copies of his latest book, The Brix Maritime Story: A Century of Towboating and Barging. Along with a companion volume, The Brix Logging Story: In the Woods of Washington and Oregon both are avialable at the museum it comprises a remarkable visual and verbal archive of a period when our ancestors created good, viable lives by working hard in local woods and waters. It is a period that will always be the foundation of how Northwesterners imagine ourselves our origin as strong, smart, outdoor-oriented people.
As with the familys enterprises on dry land, Brix achievements on the water started small with the purchase in 1910 of the 75-foot, 100-horsepower R. Miler, built in the Leathers shipyard in Astoria in 1891. Bought to serve the needs of the Brix-owned Knappton sawmill across the river from Astoria, this little pre-owned steamer was to be the first of many vessels to come.
It was a marriage of diverse businesses including logging, lumber manufacturing, maritime transportation, railways, banking and others that allowed the Brix family to survive the horrible times of the Great Depression that drove many others to ruin. Being good businessmen didnt just save the Brixes. It also kept hundreds of breadwinners employed in Clatsop and Pacific counties and elsewhere in the region.
P.J. Brix, the authors grandfather, has a grin in old photos that makes him someone youd like to have known. Well along in the logging book, this passage confirms our positive impression:
Having worked his way up the logging hierarchy, P.J. was ever mindful of the inherent danger his employees faced and cared about their welfare. As far back as 1908, P.J., together with several other Astoria sawmill owners, organized the Lumbermans Hospital Association. In 1922, as a New Years present, he gifted his workers at both Brix Brothers and Knappton Mills with group accident and death insurance polices. This was a very progressive notion for the times. Though he had taken to wearing tailored suits when he went afield, P.J. was a much-admired boss who treated every employee with the respect they deserved. We often talk about the times we spent in your camp and of the wonderful way in which you treated your help, one employee later related to P.J.
As a side note, P.J. and his family long enjoyed a summer home in Ocean Park, traveling there via the Clamshell Railroad.
On the water side of the business, it would be hard to overstate how big a role Brix played in moving products up and down the Columbia, and elsewhere in the world. Although first-hand stories about the earliest days are hard to come by, its initial vessels were tightly woven into local life. They served as routine taxis and extensions of home for isolated hamlets. For one, the steamer General Washington maintained a scheduled circuit of runs from Astoria to Knappton, Deep River and other estuary towns.
In those days, Knappton and the other north shore towns were like islands. All commerce, freight and people came by water, not land, and the pace of life revolved around the arrival and departure of riverboats. Expectant mothers, newborn babies and injured loggers all owed their lives to this system of hardy steamers.
Again, the Brix story is fundamentally about getting things done smartly and efficiently. Concerning one of the firms three boatyards, Knappton Towboats long-time chief operating officer, Ed Beall, recalled The people in Rainier were capable of doing almost anything. With most shipyards, you had to wait for them to put together a sketch and a plan for how it could be done. Our response was often, We need the boat tomorrow. Fix it now! With Rainier shipyard, they could take a piece of chalk, draw a picture on the floor and build it.
Peter Brixs research discovered that his familys American story started inauspiciously, with a Chicago swindler absconding with their savings in 1881 on their way from Germany to become farmers on the banks of Grays River in Western Wahkiakum County, Washington Territory. I was surprised to learn that I drove by their family cemetery countless times on the way to my prized old home on Altoona Road. I, too, have rowed the deceptively swift waters of Devils Elbow.
But where other farming settlers saw the big trees as little but annoying obstacles to plowing, the Brixes perceived an asset that sweaty work could turn into money. A Northwest commercial empire grew from this simple concept. Its a story still worth studying.
Chinook Observer editor Matt Winters lives in Ilwaco with his wife and daughter.